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国际足联关于“接触人造草场地中丁苯橡胶有致癌风险”的声明

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   国际足联(FIFA)在2017年3月召开的国际足联医疗委员会后发表了《关于“接触人造草场地中丁苯橡胶有致癌风险”的声明》,声明中援引了各项科学研究结果,并表示到目前为止没有相关证据能够证明接触人造草皮运动场中的丁苯橡胶(SBR)颗粒会导致癌症。而此前,关于使用含有橡胶颗粒的人造草运动场和塑胶跑道会致癌的新闻报道层出不穷,严重影响了行业发展。(安徽三人行新材料科技有限公司,转载请注明出处)


致国际足联所有成员

 

苏黎世,20174

 

 

FIFA关于“接触人造草场地中丁苯橡胶有致癌风险”的声明

 

 

先生/女士:

 

   2017313日召开的国际足联医疗委员会会议讨论了关于“接触人造草场地中的丁苯橡胶(SBR)有潜在致癌风险”的问题,在此将讨论结果与大家分享。

 

   国际足联第一次对此类报道做出回应是在2006年,起因是一封公开信以及随后几篇被广泛传阅的文章都表示人造草皮场地中被称为丁苯橡胶的碎橡胶颗粒物可能会导致接触此类场地的运动员得癌症。截止2006年的各学科研究都标明没有证据能证明接触丁苯橡胶会引发癌症。基于这些公开发表的研究结果,国际足联在2015年加拿大举行的FIFA女足世界杯开赛之前重申了这一立场,因为这次的女足世界杯是在人造草场地上举行的。

 

   鉴于2016年此话题的持续发酵以及随后几个月内进行的各项研究,国际足联在此再次就使用包含SBR填充物的人造草场地作出以下声明。

 

   国际足联注意到在ECHA/PR/17/04这份文件中,欧洲化学品管理局表示“对接触循环使用的橡胶颗粒不必过多忧虑”。管理机构发现在生产轮胎的过程中会使用可能致癌的成分,而轮胎是SBR橡胶颗粒的主要来源,他们将这些产品分别标注出来。其中PAH’s(多环芳烃)的致癌性无可争辩,但是公平地说没有科学依据证明在用于制造汽车轮胎及其后的人造草皮填充物之后这些成分还具有生物有效性。 Van Rooj and Jongeneelen (2010) 的最新研究发现“即使(使用人造草场地)会接触(到PAH),这个量也是非常有限的,并不比我们从环境中或者食物中吸收到的PAH更多”。另外一份新泽西州立医学院的研究指出:大量接触碎橡胶颗粒对儿童和成人的健康风险是零或者可忽略不计(Pavilonis et al. 2014)。

 

   至于具体到有害物质吸收或者空气污染,大量研究也都调查了在人造草皮上PAH的吸入量,结果都是比我们从烧烤食物,熏鲑鱼或者木头燃烧中更少或者相当。所以,Dye et al. 2006年就总结到“基于环境监测发现,接触人造草足球场地并不比接触城市的其他地方有更高风险”。

   虽然无法完全排除风险或者证明这两者之间无关,最新的研究也确认了之前的结论,也就是没有证据能证明使用含有丁苯橡胶填充物的人造草皮与癌症病发有相关性。另外也有大量研究确认了丁苯橡胶对人体的影响就像吃烧烤食物或者每天在路上接触到的轮胎磨损一样可忽略不计。

   所有有关运动员安全事宜,国际足联都会持续关注其进展以及最新发现。

 

 


Michel D’ Hooghe 博士

国际足联医疗委员会主席

 

 


附英文原文如下:

 

 

To the members of FIFA

 

 

Zurich, April 2017

 

MDH/awe

 

 

              A statement on potential cancer risks from exposure to SBR in artificial turf fields

 

Dear Sir or Madam,

 

During the recent FIFA Medical Committee meeting on the 13 March 2017, the issue of potential cancer risks from exposure to SBR on artificial turf fields was discussed and we are very pleased to share this information with you.

FIFA first responded to media coverage of the topic in 2006 when an open letter was published following several high profile articles that stipulated that there may be a link between the crumb rubber particles known as SBR (Styrene Butadiene Rubber) in artificial turf fields and the occurrence of cancer in players exposed to these surfaces. Studies dating until 2006 from various scientific disciplines found no evidence that contact with SBR was linked with the emergence of cancer. FIFA reiterated this position ahead of the FIFA Women’s World Cup 2015 in Canada that was played on artificial turf surfaces based on published studies up until that date.

 

 

In light of increased public interest in the topic in 2016 and further studies carried out in the past months, FIFA would like to clarify its position on the use of artificial turf fields containing SBR infill.

 

FIFA has taken note of ECHA/PR/17/04 in which the European Chemicals Agency has found “at most, a very low level of concern from exposure to recycled rubber granules”. Regulating authorities are conscious of the presence of potentially carcinogenic components in the compounds used for the production of tyres, the main source of SBR rubber and have labelled these products accordingly. In particular the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s) is undisputed but equally there is no scientific evidence of these being bioavailable in their application as car tyres and infill for artificial turf fields thereafter. The newest findings by Van Rooj and Jongeneelen (2010) concluded that “If there is any exposure, then the uptake is very limited and within the range of uptake of PAH from environmental sources and/or diet”. A further study from New Jersey’s State Medical School indicated that health risks to children and adults from extensive contact with crumb rubber ranged from none to negligible (Pavilonis et al. 2014).

 

Looking at specific issues such as ingestion or air pollution, a number of studies has investigated the intake of PAH from artificial turf and found less or comparable exposure than for grilled food products, smoked salmon or log burning. As a result, Dye et al concluded in 2006 that “on the basis of environmental monitoring, artificial turf football fields present no more exposure risks than the rest of the city”.

 

While it will never be possible to exclude risk completely or prove this negative, the newer studies have confirmed the previous findings that there is no evidence of link between contracting cancer and playing on artificial turf with SBR infill. A large number of studies have further confirmed that the effect of SBR rubber are as negligible as the effect of ingesting grilled foods or exposure to tyre wear on roads in everyday life.

 

 As with all aspects relating to player safety, FIFA will continue to monitor the developments within the scientific debate and consider  any future findings.

 

Yours faithfully,

 

FÉDÉRATION INTERNATIONALE

 

DE FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION


 

 

 

Dr Michel D’Hooghe

 

Chairman FIFA Medical Committee

 

Member of the FIFA Council

 

  

 

References

 

• European Chemicals Agency (2017). Recycled rubber filling in artificial sports grounds causes at most a very low level of concern. ECHA/PR/17/04

 

• Nutt A (1983) Rubber work and cancer past, present and perspectives, Scand. J. Work Environ Health 1983;9 (Suppl.2);49-57

 

• Willoughby (1994) Rubber Fume – Ingredient/Emission Relationships, Rapra Technology Ltd Shawbury UK, 1994

 

• 1973-75 BRMA survey, Willoghby BG, The monitoring of the Atmospheric Environment in the UK Tyre Manufacturing Work areas, Proceedings of the International Meeting on Occupational Health in the Rubber Industry, BRMA, Stratford upon Avon, UK, May 28-30 1975

 

• Dye et al 2006 Norwegian Pollution Control Authority/ Norwegian Institute fro Air Research, State Programme for Pollution Monitoring

 

• Norwegian Institute for water Research  2005 Serial No 5111-2005 19.12.2005, 1-19

 

• Nilsson et al (2005) Danish Ministry of the Environment - Study: Emissions and Evaluation of Health Effects of PAH’s and Aromatic amines from Tyres by NH Nilsson, Danish Technology Institute.

 

• Moretto 2007 Environmental and Health Evaluation of the use of Elastomer Granules (Virgin and Used Tyres) as filling in Third-Generation Artificial Turf.  ADEME/ALIAPUR/FIELDTURF TARKETT

 

• Denly et al 2008 A Review of the Potential Health and Safety Risks from Synthetic Turf Fields Containing Crumb Rubber Infill. Prepared by TRC for the New York City Department of Mental Health and Hygiene, New York. NY, USA. 


 

 

  • Lim and Walker 2009 An Assessment of Chemical Leaching, Releases to Air and Temperature at Crumb-Rubber Infilled Synthetic Turf Fields, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, New York State Department of Health. NY, USA.

 

   • Li et al 2010 Characterization of Substances Released from Crumb Rubber Material Used in Artificial turf Fields. 2008 Chemosphere. 80(3):279-85.

 

   • Schiliro et al 2012 Artificail Turf Fields: Environment and Mutagenicity Assessment. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 64(1):1-11.

 

   • Pavilones et al (2013) Bioaccessability and Risk Exposure to Metals and SVOC’s in Artificial Turf Field Materials and Fibers. 2013 Risk Anal.

 

  • Van Rooj and Jongeneelen (2010) Hydroxypyrene in Urine of Football Players After Playing on Artificial Sports Fields with Tire Crumb Infill. Int arch Occup Environ Health 83(1):105-10.

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